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Indirect Trauma occurs when someone talks about a traumatic event, it can have an impact on the listener. People who are involved in the helping professions (doctors, social workers) sometimes experience indirect trauma. SSOs are at risk when PSP share traumatic experiences with them. The SSO may internalize the experiences and this changes the way they think and feel.
Direct Trauma is trauma that cross over from a trauma exposed person to another person who was not exposed to the trauma. This can happen when PSP share details about traumatic events with family members. Family members can develop post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) that mirror post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is a serious mental health concern. It is important for PSP families to be aware of the risks.