PSPNET Stakeholder Interview Summary
Authors: Hugh C. McCall, M.A., Heather D. Hadjistavropoulos, Ph.D., Amélie K. Fournier, Ph.D., Jody L. Burnett, Ph.D., Janine D. Beahm, M.A., and R. Nicholas Carleton, Ph.D.
What Did We Do?
Public safety personnel (PSP) work hard to keep Canadians safe. PSP have high rates of mental health problems and often struggle to access eﬀective mental health care, such as cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). The PSPNET team’s mission is to develop and evaluate Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) that is tailored speciﬁcally to PSP. ICBT is more accessible than face-to-face CBT and is similarly eﬀective. To inform the development of our program, we conducted and systematically analyzed interviews with PSP. We interviewed 126 PSP from across Saskatchewan and Quebec, including police, ﬁre, EMS, corrections, dispatch, and border services.
What Did We Find?
PSP shared various reasons why they do not seek face-to-face mental health care. They also shared what they perceived to be the advantages and disadvantages of ICBT.
When asked about the content that should be included, stakeholders listed many options. The top six were:
- Identifying and understanding symptoms
- Relationships and Communication 5
- Improving Sleep
- Regulating Emotions
- Substance misuse/dependency
- Real case stories specific to PSP
When asked what PSP want ICBT therapists to know about them, the top six answers were:
- They are frequently exposed to potentially traumatic events
- They have a high frequency of mental and physical health issues with limited workplace support
- There is an expectation of toughness
- PSP become pessimistic/jaded over time
- It is often difficult to talk to other people about their experiences
- They often tend to have Type A personalities and a high need for control
Where Do We Go From Here?
The interviews indicated that there is strong support for ICBT among PSP. We have used the feedback from these interviews to help tailor ICBT for PSP. PSPNET is now being oﬀered in Saskatchewan with plans underway to oﬀer services in Quebec later in 2020