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one’s experience to any event that may cause distress leading to negative feelings of fear and psychological harm (APA, 2022; CIPSRT, 2022)

Acute Trauma: trauma that occurs following a single, isolated, traumatic events; including events such as physical assault, sexual assault, natural disasters, mass shootings, terrorist attacks or car crashes (Bence, 2021)

Complex Trauma: “Severe psychological trauma resulting from severe types of potentially psychologically traumatic events” (CIPSRT, 2020).

Chronic Trauma: trauma that occurs due to repeated or prolonged traumatic events; can occur due to events such as domestic abuse, war or combat, community violence, chronic illness, neglect or homelessness (Bence, 2021)